They had a great deal of wealth, but they no longer had government patronage or a clear role in society.
The Supression of the English monasteries From any point of view the destruction of the English monasteries by Henry VIII must be regarded as one of the great events of the sixteenth century.
The King sought to abolish the entire monastic system in order to add to the royal coffers and to break down opposition to royal supremacy. The Dissolution of the Monasteries which term includes abbeys and conventscovers the four years between Apr and Apr In Aprthere were over monasteries, abbeys, nunneries and friaries that were home to over 10, monks, nuns, friars and canons.
By April there were none left.
Much of the property was bought by or granted to landowners; monastery churches were sometimes converted to parish churches, while some buildings, such as Tintern Abbey, were left to ruin. Monastic life is bound by ascetical practices expressed typically in the vows of celibacy, poverty, and obedience, called the evangelical counsels.
Monasticism is traditionally of two kinds: The Reformation saw the sudden end of monasticism in the Protestant countries of Europe. The Rule of Saint Benedict c. By the 12th Century, many people felt the Benedictines no longer followed the Rule of Saint Benedict, becoming lax in their prayers and work and so the Cistercian order was founded.
The Cistercian's favoured solitude and so built their monasteries in the middle of moors and mountain valleys. The Augustinian order was also founded at around this time, and they were dedicated to evangelism, teaching and working with the poor and sick, and so lived near towns and castles.
In the 13th Century, orders of Friars were founded and they depended upon the charity of the people they ministered to. Monasticism is a form of religious life, usually conducted in a community under a common rule.
Although individual monks took a vow of poverty, monasteries were usually very wealthy because rich barons gave them land and endowments. They used their resources to help the sick and the poor. Some monasteries had hospitals and all had sick bays for monks who fell ill.
Monks often experimented with herbs and plants which they made into medicines. The primary function and responsibility of religious orders was to maintain a daily cycle of prayer, praying together eight times a day between midnight and 7.
The monks and nuns would live in spartan conditions in individual cells. They led humble lives, devoting themselves to the worship of God and to the care of the sick and poor. They would copy out books and manuscripts; often acted as teachers to boys from local families; baptised the local children; and occassionally farmed the land or tending sheep.
The rules and regulations of the monastery were set by the prior and chapter, the head of the monastery and his chosen council. Such matters were discussed at special meetings within the splendidly decorated Chapter House. The monks were given job titles for their day to day activities: Scribes copied out maunscripts; Librarians cared for the books, the Sacrist looked after the monastery's church, the job of the Almoner was to feed and cloth his fellow monks and to look after the ill and poor who turned up at the gates, while the Hosteller cared for any guests that stayed within the monastery itself.
With life in England during the Medieval and Tudor periods extremely hard for many, the numbers of poor and ill people in the towns and villages was large. The life of a monk was mainly devoted to prayer.
For each day the monks would stop whatever they were doing at certain hours, or 'offices', to attend church for prayers.List of monasteries dissolved by Henry VIII of England topic. These monasteries were dissolved by King Henry VIII of England in the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
For almost twenty years Cardinal Thomas Wolsey had ruled England in Henry VIII’s name.
With the power invested in him by the papacy, he usurped the king’s authority. In , however, the clergyman was outwitted and ousted from his dictatorial office. Ins.
The primary source I chose to research is The Act of Supremacy (). This was an act passed by the English Parliament establishing the English monarch, which at the time was Henry Tudor VIII, as the head of state and religious head of the Church of England. The dissolution of the monasteries was one of the key features of the reign of Henry VIII.
The monasteries were seen as being a cornerstone of Papal authority in England and Wales. The dissolution of the monasteries in the late s was one of the most revolutionary events in English history. There were nearly religious houses in England, around for monks, for regular canons, nunneries and friaries; some 12, people in total, 4, monks, 3, canons, 3, friars and 2, nuns.
The Supression of the English monasteries.
From any point of view the destruction of the English monasteries by Henry VIII must be regarded as one of the great events of the sixteenth century. The King sought to abolish the entire monastic system in order to add to the royal coffers and to break down opposition to royal supremacy.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries (which term includes abbeys.