An overview of the aesthetics and the concept of beauty

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An overview of the aesthetics and the concept of beauty

Overview[ edit ] Neuroaesthetics is a field of experimental science that aims to combine neuro- psychological research with aesthetics by investigating the "perception, production, and response to art, as well as interactions with objects and scenes that evoke an intense feeling, often of pleasure.

It is argued that visual aesthetics, namely the capacity of assigning different degrees of beauty to certain forms, colors, or movements, is a human trait acquired after the divergence of human and other ape lineages, [5] rendering the experience of beauty a defining characteristic of humankind.

Additionally, the evolutionary rationale for the formation and characteristics of these principles are sought. It is believed that identification of the brain circuitry involved in aesthetic judgments e.

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The link between specific brain areas and artistic activity is of great importance to the field of neuroesthetics. A common approach to uncover the neural mechanisms is through the study of individuals, specifically artists, with neural disorders such as savant syndrome or some form of traumatic injury.

The analysis of art created by these patients provides valuable insights to the brain areas responsible for capturing the essence of art. The aesthetic enjoyment of individuals can be investigated using brain imaging experiments.

When subjects are confronted with images of a particular level of aesthetics, the specific brain areas that are activated can be identified.

Neurologists have had success researching primitives. However, there is a need to define higher level abstract philosophical concepts objectively with neural correlates. It is suggested that aesthetic experience is a function of the interaction between top-down, intentional orientation of attention and the bottom-up perceptual facilitation of image construction.

This suggests that artists would show different levels of activation than non-artists. Aesthetic responses to different types of art and techniques has recently been explored. Cubism is the most radical departure from Western forms of art, with the proposed purpose of forcing the viewer to discover less unstable elements of the object to be represented.

It eliminates interferences such as lighting and perspective angle to capture objects as they really are. Yet aesthetic judgments exists in all domains, not just art. Please help improve this article by adding links that are relevant to the context within the existing text. Zeki theorizes that artists unconsciously use techniques to create visual art to study the brain.

Zeki suggests that " How such creations can arouse aesthetic experiences can only be fully understood in neural terms. Such an understanding is now well within our reach. Constancy[ edit ] Despite the changes that occur when processing visual stimuli distance, viewing angle, illumination, etc.

What’s New in… Aesthetics | Issue 24 | Philosophy Now

This applies not only to the ability to always see a banana as the color yellow but also the recognition of faces at varying angles. Comparatively, a work of art captures the essence of an object.

The creation of art itself may be modeled off of this primitive neural function. The process of painting for example involves distilling an object down to represent it as it really is, which differs from the way the eyes see it.

This article focuses on the domain of aesthetics and various problems and issues associated with aesthetics. Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy devoted to conceptual and theoretical inquiry into art and aesthetic experience. This article offers first an outline of the structure of philosophical. Immanuel Kant: Aesthetics. Immanuel Kant is an 18th century German philosopher whose work initated dramatic changes in the fields of epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, aesthetics, and teleology. Like many Enlightenment thinkers, he holds our mental faculty of reason in high esteem; he believes that it is our reason that invests the world we experience with structure. Aesthetics and the Concept of Beauty Aesthetics and the Concept of "Beauty" If you took the time to analyze each person you encountered, touch every blade of grass you walked upon, or reenact every event you possess in your memory, then you would successfully know what beauty was.

Zeki also tried to represent the Platonic Ideal and the Hegelian Concept through the statement: The ability to abstract may have evolved as a necessity due to the limitations of memory.

In a way, art externalizes the functions of abstraction in the brain. The process of abstraction is unknown to cognitive neurobiology. However, Zeki proposes an interesting question of whether there is a significant difference in the pattern of brain activity when viewing abstract art as opposed to representational art.

An overview of the aesthetics and the concept of beauty

Ramachandran and his fellow researchers including William Hirsteindeveloped a highly speculative theory of human artistic experience and the neural mechanisms that mediate it. Although not all encompassing as there are undoubtedly many other principles of artistic experience, the theorists claim that they provide a framework for understanding aspects of visual art, aesthetics and design.

Although testing of these principles quantitatively may provide future evidence for specific areas of the brain responsible for one kind of aesthetic appeal, the theory faces substantial philosophical and historical objections.

Peak shift principle[ edit ] This psychological phenomenon is typically known for its application in animal discrimination learning. In the peak shift effect, animals sometimes respond more strongly to exaggerated versions of the training stimuli.Émile Durkheim (—) Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist who rose to prominence in the late 19 th and early 20 th centuries.

Aesthetics | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Along with Karl Marx and Max Weber, he is credited as being one of the principal founders of modern sociology. Aesthetics.

An overview of the aesthetics and the concept of beauty

Aesthetics may be defined narrowly as the theory of beauty, or more broadly as that together with the philosophy of art. The traditional interest in beauty itself broadened, in the eighteenth century, to include the sublime, and since or so the number of pure aesthetic concepts discussed in the literature has expanded even more.

Introduction. Philosophical interest in beauty began with the earliest recorded philosophers. Beauty was deemed to be an essential ingredient in a good life and so what it was, where it was to be found, and how it was to be included in a life were prime considerations. The designers at Mercedes-Benz are reconciling tradition and modernity in designing the cars for the future.

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Sublime (philosophy) - Wikipedia