Identification of grassland features

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Identification of grassland features

Grass-leaved goldenrod growing adjacent to Lake Huron on a shore alvar. Misery Bay, Manitoulin Island. August 17, Location: South Bay area, Manitoulin Island Date: August 4, Houghton's goldenrod; perennial herb.

Aster Compositae or Asteraceae Flower: Yellow; large umbrella-shaped head that is flat topped; flower heads; has button-like disk flowers are ringed by prominent ray flowers; flowering stems or pedicles may be finely hairy; August to September.

Erect, slender cm tall; reddish and hairless. This species is endemic to the Great Lakes region. It is characteristic of shore alvars in moist calcareous fens. It grows only along the shorelines of the Great Lakes - primarily along the northern shores of Lakes Michigan and Huron.


Can be confused with Grass-leaved goldenrod and Ohio goldenrod, which also have a flat-topped flower clusters, and that grow in the same habitat. These are the only goldenrods with flat-topped flower clusters that occur along the shores of the northern Great Lakes.

Grass-leaved goldenrod has many more leaves along the stem, but it lacks leaves at the plant base during flowering. Also, its flower-heads are much smaller than those of Houghton's goldenrod.

Features of Temperate Grasslands | Sciencing

Ohio goldenrod is larger with broader, flat leaves and a dense, many headed flower cluster with smooth, non-hairy stalks of the individual flower-heads. The yellow "petals" in Houghton's goldenrod are larger than those in the other two.

Cumbria Woodlands Grasslands are big open spaces.
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Does not require seeds to reproduce as new plants grow from underground rhizomes. Individual plants do not necessarily flower every year; individual plants may live up to 6 years without flowering and may continue to live after flowering. Houghton's goldenrod was named after Douglass Houghton, who was the first state geologist of Michigan.

During the geological survey of Michigan inHoughton discovered this goldenrod species in Michigan, on the north shore of Lake Michigan.

Anthoxanthum odoratum

Houghton's goldenrod, accompanied by Ohio goldenrod, growing in a calcareous fen, South Bay, Manitoulin Island. August 4, Detail of Houghton's goldenrod inflorescence. Houghton's goldenrod illustrating the subtle hairy stem below the flower head.The Western Meadowlark is the size of a robin but chunkier and shorter-tailed, with a flat head, long, slender bill, and a round-shouldered posture that nearly conceals its neck.

Identification of grassland features

In temperate grasslands, trees and shrubs are completely absent or rare. Prairies have long grasses, and steppes have short grasses, but both are temperate grasslands.


The three most prominent features of temperate grasslands are their climate, soil and flora and fauna. Course Application; Printable Summer Course Poster; Click here for information about tuition and other fees; The Station offers several courses each summer at the advanced undergraduate/graduate level dealing with the ­special biological features of the southern Appalachians and with areas of study that are appropriate for investigation at a mountain field station.

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The ruff is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae, the typical research suggests that its closest relatives are the broad-billed sandpiper, Calidris falcinellus, and the sharp-tailed sandpiper, Calidris acuminata.

It has no recognised subspecies or geographical variants.

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Savanna, steppe, prairie or pampas: They're all grasslands, the globe's most agriculturally useful habitats. Grasslands go by many names. One such tropical grassland, the African savanna.

Identification and Classification of Grassland Plants - Science NetLinks