He expected a functioning League of Nations to correct whatever errors and injustices might creep in to the treaties themselves. Origins of the League of Nations The central, basic idea of the movement was that aggressive war is a crime not only against the immediate victim but against the whole human community. Accordingly it is the right and duty of all states to join in preventing it; if it is certain that they will so act, no aggression is likely to take place. Such affirmations might be found in the writings of philosophers or moralists but had never before emerged onto the plane of practical politics.
What are the causes for the failure of the League of Nations?
Ankita Causes of its Failure: The League of Nations was the first major attempt as an international organization of state to maintain peace and promote international co-operation.
Some of the causes of its failure are briefly mentioned as follows: The political background of Europe at the time of the birth of the League was not very conducive to a peace organization. World War I had been fought ostensibly to make the world safe for democracy, to end all future wars, etc.
But essentially it was an imperialist war for the division and re-division of colonies. The major powers namely the allied and the associated powers were, no doubt, victorious but peace as it emerged was an imperialist peace.
The secret treaties among major powers were concluded at the very outset. The League of Nations was a part of the Versailles peace treaty. But men like Clemenceau French P. Clemenceau League of nations failures ridiculed the idea and said to Wilson, "I like your League of Nations.
I like it very much but I do not believe in it," Thus the imperialist character of the peace handicapped the League throughout its history. At no stage of its history did the League represent the world balance of forces.
Thus its effectiveness as an instrument of the world peace suffered.
In absence of Russia and America, it was actually dominated by the Anglo-French powers and became an instrument of their policy in Europe and since these powers were not interested in peace so much as in maintenance of their imperialist domination and destruction of Soviet Union, the League of Nations never had a chance to succeed.
The League of Nations was founded on the principle of unani of all the members except those who were party to a dispute. Thus every single member including the smallest had the right to veto.
This system had two very important consequences. For instance aid to Republican Spain and condemnation of Fascist attack against Spain was prevented by a hostile vote of Portugal. The world was divided into two social systems-the capitalistic and socialistic.
The absence of Russia created a very real danger that the League might be used against the new socialist state. Unfortunately this danger proved to be real. The League which condoned fascist aggressions one after the other, wasted no time in violating its very principles by expelling Soviet Union on the question of Finland.
The spheres of activity of the Council and the Assembly were not clearly defined. It led to confusion of responsibility. The responsibility for maintenance of peace was not securely placed anywhere. The Council of the League which alone could shoulder it was burdened with other responsibilities regarding minority treaties, mandatory territories, etc.
Despite these flaws, the League could have been made an instrument of peace if the powers dominating had wished it so. The articles of the covenant of the League provided for economic and military sanctions against the aggressors. The League failed because the leading powers never wanted a durable peace.The League of Nations was the first major attempt as an international organization of state to maintain peace and promote international co-operation.
But it failed. Some of the causes of its failure are briefly mentioned as follows:— 1. The political background of Europe at the time of the birth. This body, the League of Nations, was born in and though it had several successes, it suffered from the notable exclusion of several prominent nations (including the United States) and thus.
The failures of the League of Nations Article 11 of the League’s Covenant stated, ‘Any war or threat of war is a matter of concern to the whole League and the . Jun 25, · The League of Nations failed because many nations didn’t believe in it or accept it, even the US didn’t join when it was Wilson’s idea and he wasn’t budging on his position to form it during the treaty of Versailles in The League of Nations is not something abstract.
It is a concrete organization of nations which have voluntarily assumed the duties of membership and which have joined together in a great common task. 2 Failures in s: The League failed to bring about disarmament and also to solve several problems.
These failures included: Vilna, , Russo-Polish War , Greece vs. Turkey , Memel , the occupation of.