Ewe and Fon Ewe and Fon - History and Cultural Relations The Adja Kingdom of Tado, in an area constantly populated since prehistory and known for metalworking and other crafts, was situated near the east bank of the Mono River, at about the same latitude as Abomey. It was probably built by immigrants from the Oyo Kingdom or from Ketu, to the east Nigeria. Most Adja people today still live in and around Tado.
Travel over land was difficult and expensive, so settlements were made along the coast, especially where rivers allowed small boats to travel inland.
Distant settlements were linked by elaborate sea-based trading networks. Since the easiest and cheapest way of long-distance travel was by sea, international trading networks emerged in the Atlantic world, with major hubs at LondonAmsterdamBostonand Havana.
Time was a factor, as sailing ships averaged about 2 knots speed 50 miles a day. Navigators had to rely on maps of currents or they would be becalmed for days or weeks. The West Coast of Africa played a special role as the source of slave labor.
The main empires that built the Atlantic world were the British,  French,  Spanish Portuguese  and Dutch;  entrepreneurs from the United States played a role as well after Environmental history[ edit ] The beginning of extensive contact between Europe, Africa, and the Americas had sweeping implications for the environmental and demographic history of all the regions involved.
European and African immigrants also had very high death rates on their arrival, but they could be and were replaced by new shipments of immigrants see the Population history of American indigenous peoples. Many foods that are common in present-day Europe, including corn maize and potatoesoriginated in the New World and were unknown in Europe before the sixteenth century.
Similarly, some staple crops of present-day West Africa, including cassava and peanutsoriginated in the New World. Some of the staple crops of Latin America, such as coffee and sugarcanewere introduced by European settlers in the course of the Columbian Exchange.
European powers typically had vast territories that they wished to exploit through agriculture, mining, or other extractive industries, but they lacked the work force that they needed to exploit their lands effectively. Consequently, they turned to a variety of coercive labor systems to meet their needs.
At first the goal was to use native workers. Native Americans were employed through Indian slavery and through the Spanish system of encomienda. The Indians too often preferred to die of starvation rather than be slaves, so the plantation owners turned to African slaves via the Atlantic slave trade.
European workers arrived as indentured servants or transported felons who went free after a term of labor. Roughly three quarters of immigrants to the Americas before were African, and more than half of these Africans were originally from West or Central Africa.
In Brazil, the population percentage of Africans was even higher, with about seven African to every one Portuguese immigrant.
In the early colonial period, there was a high prevalence of African spiritual practices, such as spirit possessions and healing practices.
Presumably, these practices served as a point of connection and as an identity hold for slaves hailing from the same African origin.Ambivalent Allies: Anglo-Dutch Relations and the Struggle Against the Spanish Empire in the Caribbean, / Paul E.
Kopperman; Trade, Plunder and Economic Development in Early English Jamaica, / Nuala Zahedieh; France, the Antilles, and Europe in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries: Renewals of .
Children were also given names of prominent figures of the day, such as the notable number of Horatios, Nelsons, and Wellingtons in the early nineteenth century British colonies, and a high number of Georges in , the year King George III of England died and was succeeded by George IV.
By the end of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, English colonies took up much of the Atlantic coast and eastern interior of North America, with the exception of Spanish Florida, Spanish Mexico, French Canada, and French pfmlures.com meant that the English system of New World slavery, and concepts of racial hierarchies, largely shaped how this labor system developed in the.
By the end of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, English colonies took up much of the Atlantic coast and eastern interior of North America, with the exception of Spanish Florida, Spanish Mexico, French Canada, and French pfmlures.com meant that the English system of New World slavery, and concepts of racial hierarchies, largely .
Calls for political reform in the eighteenth century Atlantic world relied on which of the following new ideas?
men of property. In the name of which group did supporters of revolution in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries claim to be acting. World History chapter Features. Quizlet Live. Quizlet Learn. Diagrams. Early American history at the University of Illinois explores America's place in a transatlantic, multicultural Atlantic world.
British, French, and Spanish colonization in continental North America and the Caribbean brought European, Native American, and African cultures into constant conflict and interaction.