Classification[ edit ] Classically, "lead poisoning" or "lead intoxication" has been defined as exposure to high levels of lead typically associated with severe health effects. Urine lead levels may be used as well, though less commonly. In cases of chronic exposure lead often sequesters in the highest concentrations first in the bones, then in the kidneys. If a provider is performing a provocative excretion test, or "chelation challenge", a measurement obtained from urine rather than blood is likely to provide a more accurate representation of total lead burden to a skilled interpreter.
Signs, Symptoms, and Diagnosis Column written by: I really cannot do it justice in a short essay, but I think it deserves some mention, if only to give the pet owner some understanding as to the difficulties involved when a veterinarian is faced with a case of possible liver failure.
If you asked ten people on the street what they knew about "liver", I would bet that the only consistent answer you would get is that it tastes really bad unless the cook really knows his stuff. The best description of the liver I can give you is that this organ is the main industrial centre of the body.
The liver processes raw materials, manufactures the building blocks of the body, recycles the old to make new, and detoxifies the industrial waste of the body.
In short the liver is involved in just about every biochemical process required to run e body. As a result of this relationship, liver disease can affect just about any other part of the body and thus the symptoms of liver disease are typically unpredictable and non- specific.
Furthermore, because the liver acts as a "biochemical cross roads" for the body, it is affected by a wide range of diseases, including viral and bacterial infections, degenerative and neoplastic disease, and toxic insults. It is estimated that three per cent of all disease seen by veterinarians is liver based.
The liver has a double edged nature which, while being life preserving, makes diagnoses and treatment of liver disease extremely difficult. The liver has a tremendous reserve capacity, which means that it can easily perform it's duties with up to 70 to 80 per cent of the liver mass affected by disease.
While it certainly is a benefit that our liver can keep us alive despite an overwhelming infection or a massive tumour, it also means that the disease is well advanced and possibly untreatable before any symptoms are noted.
We all know that disease is most easily conquered early, but the very nature of the liver makes this an impossible task. One thing about livers though: Because of the complexity of this topic, I am going to cover it using very abbreviated point form.
I will try to skip over the experimental theories and the more esoteric points and keep to the meat of the topic. All, some, or only one of these signs may be present.
Intermittent recurrent abdominal or gastrointestinal upsets. Progressive depression or lethargy. Swollen belly with a "fluid filled" look. This is also known as ascites and is actually fluid accumulation in the belly due to circulation alterations in the abdomen. Bile pigments are what gives poop it's characteristic brown colour and if the liver is not processing bile properly, the feces will not get their colour.
The improper processing of bile results in the excretion of bilirubin in the urine in high amounts, thus orange urine. Jaundice, also known as icterus. Any pale or white skin or visible tissue takes on a yellow hue.
Again the biliary pigments are accumulating in the body because the liver is not processing them. Many of the proteins required for proper blood clotting are created in the liver. Remove these proteins and blood clotting decreases. Hepatic encephalopathy, or severe neurological signs.
A general care physician will often help in the treatment of people with diabetes. Regular check-ups will usually be carried out once every 3 to 4 months. Because I write about illness and medical research and the professionals who try to help those with medical problems, I find myself wanting to recommend links that don't really fit into the other categories on this site, or even into the concept of the site. Mayo Clinic Health Letter provides reliable, authoritative and accurate health information. Discover why it is one of the leading health publications.
May be associated with meal time. Pain associated with the abdomen. This is due to the stretching of the liver capsule. May be noted when the dog is lifted around the belly or when the veterinarian probes palpates the abdomen. The veterinarian may also notice a swollen liver while palpating with some of the more acute liver diseases.Studies show that many parents cannot identify signs and symptoms of diabetes in children and teens, but the prevalence of type 1 and especially type 2 diabetes is rising.
Early recognition and. Lead poisoning is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body. The brain is the most sensitive.
Symptoms may include abdominal pain, constipation, headaches, irritability, memory problems, inability to have children, and tingling in the hands and feet. It causes almost 10% of intellectual disability of otherwise unknown cause and can result in behavioral problems.
In moderate doses caffeine has mainly positive effects for most people. But it increases production of cortisol, which can lead to health problems including anxiety, weight gain and heart disease.
For patients who shows symptoms and higher blood sugar levels, yet still under the critical values for a full diabetes mellitus there are two more categories: The ones that are just under the critical values are said to have Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) and those who are just over the normal blood sugar levels have an Impaired Fasting Glycaemia .
A general care physician will often help in the treatment of people with diabetes. Regular check-ups will usually be carried out once every 3 to 4 months. HealthCentral combines medically vetted health information with personal stories about life with chronic health conditions to give you the tools and inspiration to make positive changes, no matter you.